War on Terrorism 
 Web Sites 

Here are outstanding web sites rich with information about the 9 - 11 terrorist attack and the US War on Terrorism. I emphasize here articles, editorials, and opinions about US foreign policy in light of that attack.

Web site author's faceTo provoke thought about US foreign policy -- what it is and what it should be -- I place opposing views side by side -- David Horowitz vs. Noam Chomsky, Al Jazeera vs. Arutz Sheva Israel National News... There is great benefit in listening carefully to those who oppose you.

I have also included some outstanding sites about the Palestinian - Israeli conflict, because that struggle is extremely important in Arab views about the US.

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May we heal and grow.


Psychology - anthropology student and house builder

Last modified: 16-Sep-2006

PS. For those of you looking for web sites more focused on the US invasion of Iraq, the following may help you get started --

Www.academicinfo.net/iraqpostwar.html and "Links and Readings" from the PBS Frontline television program "Truth, War and Consequences".

For casualties since the US invasion of Iraq, see "Iraq Body Count".

On weapons of mass destruction, consider and compare "Hiroshima: Was It Necessary?" by Doug Long. Also see the video "Hiroshima - Why the Bomb Was Dropped" with Peter Jennings, available at many public libraries. For photos of civilian casualties at Hiroshima, click here.

New! For a recent article on the increasing threat of civil war in Iraq, see "Civil War Risk Up ..." by USA Today. Also see, from CNN 14 Sept 06, "More Than 80 Dead in Apparent Reprisals".



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Terrorist Psychology  |  Foreign Articles

US Articles  |  PBS Sites  |  Pro Military  |  Extreme Views?

Think Tanks & Journals for Laymen  | New Item!  Think Tanks & Journals for Professionals

Primary Sources  |  More Web Links


Osama bin Laden et al. February 1998 --

"... On that basis, and in compliance with God's order, we issue the following fatwa to all Muslims... The ruling to kill the Americans and their allies -- civilian and military -- is an individual duty for every Muslim who can do it in every country in which it is possible to do it..."


Jamal Khashoggi, Arab News --

"... Muslims throughout their history never allowed the killing of civilians, even in the midst of wars such as the Crusades. There is no respected Islamic scholar here in Saudi Arabia or anywhere else in the Muslim world who would support such a fatwa... "


 The Attack 

Bloody victim of World Trade  Center attack For outstanding photo sequences of the attack click on "America Under Attack" from the Camera Works gallery of the The Washington Post.

For a good timeline and summary click "September 11: Chronology of Terror" from CNN.

The Washington Post also provides an excellent chart of the hijackers' contacts -- "The Plot: A Web of Connections".

CNN has a special page devoted to 9-11 -- "Day of Terror". On that page, look under "Background". Also see "Details of [the] Hijacking Suspects..."

Total number killed: about 3000.

World Trade Center disaster area
Disaster area, World Trade Center, courtesy of Dr. Steven J Karageanes.


 Terrorist Psychology 

For good biographies of Osama bin Laden, see "The Making of Osama bin Laden" in Salon magazine and "Who Is Osama Bin Laden" from BBC News. Also watch the video "Meeting Osama Bin Laden" available at Shop PBS.

Read the 1998 declaration of war on the United States by Osama bin Laden et al -- "Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders" -- from the Federation of American Scientists.

The PBS Frontline web site "Inside the Terrorist Network" provides brief biographies of Mohamed Atta, Ziad Jarrah, and Marwan al-Shehhi at the web page "Tracking Their Personal Stories". Also, see the suicide note "Instructions for the Last Night". Also helpful is Frontline's "Son of al Qaeda".

For a more detailed biography of Atta see "Portrait of a Terrorist" from the NY Times of Oct 10, 2001. Also good -- "Manual of a Raid" from NthPosition.com.

Atta with his sister 1980s
Atta and his sister, 1980s

For comparison, consider these biographies of Timothy McVeigh -- "From Decorated Veteran to Mass Murderer" from CNN and "An Ordinary Boy's Extraordinary Rage" from the Washington Post. On Terry Nichols, see "Nichols Called Drifter, Devoted Dad" -- also from the Washington Post.

On Palestinian suicide bombers, see the PBS "Wide Angle" web site "Suicide Bombers".

And see "Why a Palestinian Girl Now Wants to be a Suicide Bomber" in the Christian Science Monitor of April 1, 2002.

For a thought provoking example of how ordinary, "good" young men can be transformed by their social environment into "evil doers" -- in this case doers of prisoner abuse -- see Zimbardo's "Stanford Prison Experiment".

On recent reports of torture of Afghan soldiers by US Special Forces, see "A Torture Killing By U. S. Forces in Afghanistan" from Crimes of War Project.

In "Genesis of Suicide Terrorism" Scott Atran argues that "A first line of defense is to prevent people from becoming terrorists" and that demonizing the other usually makes things worse. A second source for this article is here.

"The Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism: Who Becomes a Terrorist and Why?" is an important document produced by the Federal Research Division, United States Library of Congress. The article concludes that most terrorists are "not ... psychopathic or mentally sick." This article is a long download, but it is worth the wait.

For more articles, see Vol 2, Issue 1 (2002) of the journal of The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.

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 Foreign Articles 

Al Jazeera television is watched by millions in the Arab world. And it is often critical of US foreign policy. At Al Jazeera's English language web site, click their Special Report -- "Changing Face of Iraq". Also look at Al Jazeera's political cartoons --

Bush run by Jews political cartoon     Bush as new Saddam political cartoon

Arutz Sheva Israel National News is right wing and pro settler. Browse under "Opinion" for articles like "Oslo and the World Trade Center", "Stop Undermining Israel's War on Terrorism", and "Why Terrorism Works".

Al-Ahram Weekly from Cairo, Egypt, is also critical of US foreign policy and of Israel. On the right side of the page, click on "Opinion". Some example articles: "The Screw Turns, Again" and "To an American Friend". To search the archives, go to weekly.ahram.org.eg/issues.htm. October 2001, for example, yielded "Operation Enduring Madness" and "Adrift in Similarity" by Edward Said. Eqbal Ahmad contributed several well written articles in 1998, such as "After the Peace of the Weak".

The Jerusalem Post is pro Israel and conservative. Click on "Columns" to browse summaries of recent opinion articles and editorials.

The web site Islamic World states "... millions of people throughout the world hate America ... many million[s] ... are suffering ... due to policies ... of the American government ..." (from their page "Islamic-World's Position on the 'War on Terrorism'"). See also "... thoughts on the War on Terrorism" and "... news stories about the 'War of Terrorism'".

For news and analysis focused on Iraq, try Iraq Daily, ABCNEWS Extended and Continuing Coverage of Iraq, and "Iraq in Transition" from PBS.

For news on Afghanistan, try Afghan Daily, and "Rebuilding Afghanistan" -- also from PBS.

For opinions by Afghan writers, see the journal Sabawoon. Click "News", "Editorials", and "Articles". See also "Karzai's Choice in Afghanistan - Civil War or a Narco-state".

See also the web site "Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan", especially "Free Elections Under the Shadow of Guns and Terrorism?'".

World Press Review is very helpful. It provides English language summaries of news and editorial opinions from newspapers all around the world. Its special page on the War on Terrorism: "Battle Without Borders, The War Against Terror". On the Israel Palestine conflict, see "Middle Eastern News".

The US Department of State runs a site which contains summaries of foreign opinions about US foreign policy -- Foreign Media Reaction.

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 US Articles 

For well written articles on the Bush Doctrine of preemption rather than containment see --

"The State of the Union Address" of January 2002

"The Bush Doctrine" from Frontpage Magazine

"Our Tears, Their Opportunity" from Z Net

"Bagdad and Beyond" and "Backtracking" from National Review

"The New Bush Doctrine" from The Nation

"America's Age of Empire: The Bush Doctrine" from MotherJones.

"The American Empire Project" and, especially, excerpts from the books "The Sorrows of Empire..." by Chalmers Johnson and "Hegemony or Survival: America's Quest for Global Dominance" by Noam Chomsky.

Frontpage Magazine, by David Horowitz, is usually right, hawkish and provocative. See, for example, "The War On Terror" and "Bias in the Academy" .

In contrast, Z Net is a good source for the alternative press with many links. See, for example, "Chatting With Noam Chomsky". Their special page about the terrorist attacks and the War on Terrorism -- "Terror / War".

National Review is conservative. See, for example, "Bin Laden Is a Fundamentalist", "Kumbaya Watch: Said What?" and "Why They Hate Us". Also check "Osama the Invincible" by William F. Buckley Jr.

The Nation tends to be left and anti war. Read Chomsky vs. Hitchens in "Reply to Hitchens" in the October 15, 2001, issue. Click on "directory" to find "War & Peace" and "September 11".

Dr. Stanley, the Baptist TV minister of In Touch Ministries, preaches in favor of war -- "God battles with people who oppose him ... Throughout the Old Testament, there are examples of God using warfare to ... punish the wicked and preserve His people."

Fareed Zakaria produces excellent columns and essays about the US war on terrorism for Newsweek and The New York Times. For his latest, click here. For previous articles, click here.

Daniel Pipes argues that the War on Terrorism must be a war on militant Islam. Click on "Articles" then "Militant Islam" and then "Know Thy Terrorists".

But Robert Wright -- in Slate magazine -- argues that "Al-Qaida and radical Islam are not the problem."

AlterNet.org is yet another alternative press source. See their special page: "War on Iraq". See, for example, Stephen Zunes' "10 Things to Know about U.S. Policy in the Middle East".

The Ayn Rand Institute is pro war and pro Corporate America. Under "Special Topics", click on "America at War" for a list of articles. See also Capitalism Magazine.

The War in Context specializes in "alternative perspectives on the 'war on terrorism' and the Middle East Conflict'" and questions the actions of the Bush administration.

The Christian Science Monitor is usually anti-war. See, for example, "Is America the 'good guy'?" and "When contemplating war, beware of babies in incubators".

The Atlantic Online provides "background and perspective" at -- "The War on Terrorism". Some browsing here produced, for example, "The Real Roots of Terror". In the January - February 2004 issue, see "Blind Into Bagdad" and "Spies, Lies, and Weapons: What Went Wrong".

Salon.com. Click any item under "Hot Topics" and find "Terrorism".

National Geographic Magazine -- at "Lines in the Sand" -- provides a good map and information on the West Bank and Gaza. "Occupied since 1967, the heartland of a future Palestinian state is a breeding ground for despair."

The New York Coalition Against Terrorism is pro Israel. Click "20 Suppressed Facts About Israel" and "Middle East Fact Sheet ..."

Washington Report on Middle East Affairs is pro Palestinian. See "Opposing Advice to Bush: Take Out Iraq vs. Take on Israel-Palestine Peace", "Zionism And Its Impact", "Pro-Israel PAC Contributions to 2000 Congressional Candidates...", "U.S. Aid To Israel", and "Emerging Alternatives in Palestine".

The Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America argues that media coverage is often anti Israel.

Palestine Media Watch argues that media coverage is often anti Palestine.

To search for more articles, go to Find Articles. Try, for example,"israel palestine terrorism" or "history of palestine".

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 PBS Sites 

The PBS television program Frontline has produced many outstanding web sites about the terrorist attacks and the War on Terrorism --

To help understand George Bush and his supporters, see "The Jesus Factor".

For the development of the Bush Doctrine -- "preemption rather than containment" -- see "The War Behind Closed Doors".

For the results of the US invasion of Iraq, see "Truth, War and Consequences" -- especially "Links and Readings".

Many Frontline sites are listed in "The Roots of Terrorism". See especially "Looking for Answers", "Gunning for Saddam", and "In Search of al Qaeda".

Also see "Chasing Saddam's Weapons", "Beyond Bagdad", and "The Invasion of Iraq".

Frontline also has good sites on the conflict between Palestine and Israel -- "Battle for the Holy Land", "Shattered Dreams of Peace", and "Israel -- Tracing Borders".

On Palestinian suicide bombers, see the PBS "Wide Angle" web site "Suicide Bombers".

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 Pro Military 

Winning the War on Terror- 1 Dead Terrorist at a Time is pro-military. It features "... news and information on the Victories over Terrorism."

Let's Roll America - Operation Enduring Freedom... features US military Special Operations. Find a large collection of links at "War On Terrorism Information Resources".

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 Extreme Views? 

The web abounds with views that many would call extreme. And conspiracy views are very popular.

Read the 1998 declaration of war on the United States by Osama bin Laden et al. -- "Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders".

Pat Robertson preaches, in "Robertson's Statement Regarding Terrorist Attacks ...", "God Almighty is lifting His protection from us..." because of "rampant pornography on the Internet ... rampant secularism ... the occult, etc." Also see "Pat Robertson Receives Zionist Award" and CBN's "Israel" and "Pat Robertson Warns Against Dividing Israel". For criticism of this latter article, see "A Mighty Wind" in the September 2003 issue of Scientific America.

David Duke argues that "...Israeli Terrorism and American Treason Caused the Sept 11 Attacks" and that "Jewish supremacists" are behind the war in Iraq.

Patriot Saints work to bring about "the Kingdom of God on Earth". And they argue that the 9 - 11 terrorist attack is part of a "sinister plot including U.S.'s highest officials to establish [a] global socialist state." Under "911" click on "Conspiracy" and then "Air Force Could Have Repelled the Tragedy But Didn't".

The League of Revolutionaries for a New America traces "every injustice to the capitalism system". Their page on the attack is "September 11 and the war ...". Also see Workers World. Click on "Search" and then type in "war on terrorism".

Infowars.com features Alex Jones and conspiracy. On the left side of the page, click "911".

For more conspiracy sites see -- The Truth About the 9/11 Attacks, Conspiracy Planet, Centre for Research on Globalization.

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 Think Tanks & Journals for Laymen 

Public Agenda is outstanding for laying out the different points of view on major debates. See "America's Global Role". Their special page -- "Terrorism".

The Foreign Policy Association works to educate Americans about international issues. Look for the drop down list entitled "Your Guides" and then choose, for example, "Terrorism".

Foreign Policy In Focus works for an alternative US foreign policy emphasizing environmental concerns and human rights. See "A New Agenda to Counter Terrorism" .

The Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research works to promote peace. Click on "PressInfo" and "Forums" to find, for example, "A New Court to Uphold International Criminal Law: The World Moves Forward Without the United States" and "Visit Iraq!" For articles on 9/11 see "September 11 and After".

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 Think Tanks & Journals for Professionals 

New! The Senlis Council, an international think tank, has done extensive field research in Afghanistan. Their recent report, "Afghanistan Five Years Later: The Return of the Taliban", finds "US and UK ... failed counter-narcotics policies responsible".

The Social Science Research Council provides a good collection of essays by social scientists in their "After September 11 Archive". See also their collection on the "USA Viewed from Abroad".

CATO Institute argues for limited government and less US foreign involvement. Their special page -- "Cato on Terrorism".

The Project on Defense Alternatives advocates for "regional and global cooperative security". See "Wider War Watch" and "War Report".

The Heritage Foundation is a good source for conservative views.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Click on "Publications", then "Topic" . Try "Terrorism". Also, back on the front page, click "News & Resources" to get the drop down list and then choose "Library & Links". Also see "WMD In Iraq, Evidence and Implications".

Council on Foreign Relations. Under "Topics" on the left side of the page click "Terrorism" and "U.S. Policy and Politics". On the right click "Terrorism Questions and Answers".

The Brookings Institution. Look under "The Brookings Project on Terrorism and American Foreign Policy" and click on "project home page".

Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS). See "Strategy and Overview" with many articles by Anthony Cordesman.

Center for Defense Information. Click "Terrorism Project". Once there, try "Foreign Policy / Security Strategy".

National Center for Policy Analysis. Click on "Policy Issues" and then -- "Terrorism".

RAND. On the left side of the page, under "Research Areas", click on "Terrorism".

Foreign Policy magazine. See "From Victory to Success: Afterwar Policy in Iraq".

The Terrorism Research Center features "essays and thought pieces ... as well as links..."

American Diplomacy. See "Terrorism: Its Cause and Cure".

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 Primary Sources 

The University of Michigan Documents Center page "America's War Against Terrorism" is a huge resource -- especially good for government documents.

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 More Web Links 

Because many articles contain serious logical fallacies, Critical Thinking on the Web is a very valuable resource. See the page "Terrorism".

The Constitutional Rights Foundation has an outstanding collection of links and lesson plans for teachers at "America Responds to Terrorism, Web Links".

Wadsworth Publishing provides readings for college teachers at "Terrorism: An Interdisciplinary Perspective". Note especially their "Essay" and critical thinking questions.

Librarians' Index to the Internet is an outstanding and reliable resource. See their "September 11 & Beyond".

LinkVoyager, a directory of focused topics, lists about 175 sites on "Terrorism".

Alternative Sources on the U.S. War provides anti-war links.

The War in Context has an excellent page of links. Click here.

Information Sources on Afghanistan provides, in addition, links on the September 11 attacks.

Web Resources for Journalists Covering the Terrorist Attack is also good.

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